located in the southern Great Plains of
the United States. Also known as the
"Sooner State" Oklahoma is
bordered on the north by Kansas,
on the east by Missouri
on the south by Texas and on the west
Mexico at the panhandle.
Oklahoma covers a land area of over
68,667 square miles and has a population
of over 3.7 million. Oklahoma was known
as the Indian Territory before it became
the 46th state on November 16, 1907.
economy is based on the energy industry,
transportation and biotechnology. More
than half of the population is
concentrated around Tulsa
City, the second and third
largest cities in Oklahoma,
Oklahoma is more than just the Great Plains.
Oklahoma has four mountain ranges
located in the eastern part of the
state. The most famous of these is the
Ouachita Mountains where the first
Oklahoma oil strikes occurred in the
early part of the 20th Century. Oklahoma
is is still one of the largest producers
of petroleum in the US. Oklahoma is also
one of the nations largest producers of
renewable wind energy.
Oklahoma's agricultural production is
based largely on wheat and cattle. During the 1930's
the northwestern part of Oklahoma was
part of the "Dust Bowl" which
period characterized by long droughts
and high temperatures. The poor farming
practices of the time exacerbated these climatic
conditions and eventually led to significant soil
erosion. This in turn led to disastrous
conditions for the farmers in Oklahoma.
These condition led to dramatic efforts in soil and
water conservation. Flood control
systems and dams were built producing
hundred of dams and reservoirs
throughout the western part of the
state. So far these conservation efforts
in Oklahoma have been successful.